Kurdish prisoners

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Name: Abdolwahed (Hiwa) Butimar
Age: 30
Location: Unknown
Date Condemned: October 2008
Charge: Mohareb
Notes: Hiwa Butimar, a Kurdish Iranian journalist and environmental activst, has been sentenced to death several times. In July 2007, he was condemned for acting against national security and espionage. In October 2008, Amnesty International reported that Hiwa's death sentence was overturned in November 2007 on procedural grounds, but reimposed in April 2008. He is reportedly sentenced to death for Mohareb, a religious charge, meaning "warring against God," often used for political reasons.
Updates

 


Name: Ahmad Pooladkhani
Location: Oromiyeh prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

Name: Anvar Rostami
Location: Unnamed prison in western Iran.
Date condemned: Announced 11 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Kurdish prisoner Anvar Rostami was among the 63 names released in January 2010. He is charged with Mohareb, meaning "warring against God." The Islamic Republic is charging many political and religious dissidents as Mohareb, even whe they are not involved in armed warfare against the state. The treatment of Kurdish minorities and Kurdish prisoners is horrific, and there is no doubt Anvar Rostami is another victim of the regime's human rights abuses.
Updates

 


Name: Aziz Mohammadzadeh
Age: 26
Location:  Saghez Prison.
Date condemned: Reported 27 January 2010.
Charge: Espionage.
Notes: Aziz Mohammadzadeh, a Kurdish political activist, was arrested 13 October 2009 in Baneh. He reportedly faced brutal torture before being transferred to Saghez Prison three months later. He is currently being held in solitary confinement in poor health, and there are reports that his assets and property are being held by the Iranian government. He was sentenced to death for threatening national security and Mohareb (warring against God), likely as a direct result of his activism against Islamic Republic's institutionalized oppression and human rights violations against Kurdish Iranians.

Update July 6 While on a hunger strike in Saghez prison 5 months ago, he was taken away by prison authorities. His family has not been able to find any information about his status and whereabouts, as authorities tell them that Aziz was released.


Name: Caziye Dervis Zade
Date condemned: Reported 2 April 2010
Charge: Threatening national security.
Notes: Kurdish prisoner Caziye Dervis Zade was sentenced to death along with her children, daughter Dervis Zade (19) and son Fetullah Dervis Zade (21). Article 6(2) of the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a signatory, states that execution may only be imposed for the most serious crimes. The Islamic Republic continually intimidates its oppressed Kurdish population by imprisoning, torturing, and executing them on false charges of threatening national security.
Updates

 


 

Name: Ghader (Qader) Mohammadzadeh
Age: 32
Location: Orumiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Between 16 and 21 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Ghader Mohammadzadeh is a Kurdish political prisoner from Mir-Abad of Bokan. He was arrested and charged with "cooperating with Kurdish political groups" and sentenced to death as Moharebh for acting against national security. "Moharebh" is a politically-motivated charge meaning, "armed war against God." The Islamic Republic uses this charge to condemn people for acting against the state, usually when there is no other remotely justifiable reason for their imprisonment. Mr. Mohammadzadeh's death sentence and detention is an outrage, and he is one of many Kurdish ethnic minorities awaiting execution. He was originally given a 30-year prison term, but was later condemned to die by an appeals court, further confirming that the Islamic Republic is practicing ethnically-driven criminal practices. Kurdish activist sites state that Ghader was subjected to severe torture and pressure in prison, which is a violation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

Name: Hossein Khazari
Location: An unannounced location, formerly Oromiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Announced 11 January 2010
Charge: Membership in Kurdish opposition groups.

 

Mr. Khazari was subjected to torture during the early months of his detention, which is an abhorrent violation of the UN Convention Against Torture, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a signatory. The Islamic Republic is also choosing to ignore another important responsibility, the one that states any nation still resorting to execution as a barbaric method of punishment is to reserve the practice only for the most extreme cases. Iran is violating Article 6(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) by condemning Hossein Khazari to death for membership in Kurdish opposition groups.

Likely as a result of his torture and the deplorable conditions in prison, Hossein has developed serious medical problems. On 7 May, Iran Human Rights Voice reported that he is being denied medical treatment and has lost nearly 25% of the vision in his right eye. Hossein Khazari is also being denied access to legal representation. Unbelievably, Iran is a signatory to the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) which declares, "Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him." The ICCPR also protects the right to legal representation.

Hossein Khazari was recently moved to an unknown location, leading to fear that authorities will soon carry out his sentence.


Name: Iraj Mohammadi
Location: Oromiyeh prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

 


Name: Jahangir Badozadeh
Location: Orumieh Prison
Date condemned: Before September 2005
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Jahangir Badozadeh was sentenced to death in 2005 and is currently in the central prison of Orumieh. He is listed as "at risk of execution" in a 2005 report from Iranian Human Rights Activist Groups in EU and North America (IHRAG). Mr. Badozadeh is from Mahabad, a predominantly Kurdish region of northwestern Iran.

In March 2009, Jahangir's brother Ali was reportedly found outside of Mahabad. He had been arrested 7 days earlier, tortured to death, and left on the side of the road. In October 2009, Intelligence Ministry officials attempted to arrest Jahangir's mother and surviving brother at the family's home. They were not home, but forces confiscated books and CDs. Although the charge against Jahangir Badozadeh is unknown, his brother Ali had been arrested for allegedly aiding Kurdish political parties and having knowledge about a nephew and others involved in Kurdish political parties, likely the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) or Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK). Ali's life was violently ended, but Jahangir is likely condemned as "Moharebh," a politically-driven charge meaning "Warring against God" that is usually given to those accused of armed resistance against the Islamic Republic.

Updates

 


Name: Mohammad Amin Abdollahi
Age: 25
Location: Orumiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Between 16 and 21 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Mohammad Amin Abdollahi is a Kurdish political prisoner from Mir-Abad of Bokan. He was arrested and charged with "cooperating with Kurdish political groups" and sentenced to death as Moharebh for acting against national security. "Moharebh" is a politically-motivated charge meaning, "armed war against God." The Islamic Republic uses this charge to condemn people for acting against the state, usually when there is no other remotely justifiable reason for their imprisonment. Mr. Abdollahi's death sentence and detention is an outrage, and he is one of many Kurdish ethnic minorities awaiting execution. He was originally given a 20-year prison term, but was later condemned to die by an appeals court, further confirming that the Islamic Republic is practicing ethnically-driven criminal practices. Kurdish activist sites state that Mohammad was subjected to severe torture and pressure in prison, which is a violation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

Name: Mohammad Amin Agooshi
Location: Oromiyeh prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

 


Name: Mostafa Salimi
Location: Saghez Prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
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Name: Ramazan Ahmad
Location: Maku Prison
Notes: Ramazan Ahmad, a Syrian Kurdish prisoner in Maku prison, participated in a hunger strike against abuse of Kurdish prisoners. With at least 21 other prisoners, Ramazan fasted for over a week against deplorable conditions, lack of medical care, and general human rights violations in Maku.

Name: Rashid Akhkandi
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

 


Name: Rostam Arkiya
Location: Maku Prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Mohareb
Notes: Rostam Arkiya was a participant in a hunger strike in Maku Prison in January 2009. Rostam and at least twenty-one other prisoners rotested against deplorable conditions and the mistreatment of Kurdish prisoners. According to the Student Council of Defense of Human Rights in Kurdistan, the hunger strike lasted at least a week and prison authorities worked to keep news of it from reaching the media.

Name: Saeed Ramazan
Location: Qazwin Prison
Date condemned: July 2009
Charge: Membership in Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane/Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK).
Notes: Saeed Ramazan is a Kurdish dissident from Syrian Kurdistan, arrested in 2007 with another condemned activist, Sarhad Chalesh and sentenced to death by Revolutionary Court in Khoy.. In January 2010, the Human Rights Organization of Kurdistan reported that Saeed was transferred to Qazwin Prison. Saeed, like many Kurdish dissidents, is charged in relation to membership with the armed resistance group Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane, or PJAK. Kurdish minorities are systematically oppressed and executed by the Iranian regime and many remain in detention and are condemned to death. Their sentences are a direct violation of the UN Convention Against Torture, which states that execution, where still practiced, is to be utilized in only the most extreme situations. Membership in PJAK or any organization is not justification for these political murders.
Updates

 


Name: Sarhad Chalesh
Location:  Zanjan Prison
Date condemned: July 2009
Charge: Membership in PJAK
Notes: Kurdish political activist Sarhad Chalesh was arrested in 2008 and sentenced to death for membership in Membership in Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane, or the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK).

Name: Sayed Jamal Mohammadi
Location: Evin Prison
Date condemned: 29 February 2008
Charge: Mohareb, membership in Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane/Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK).
Notes: There is little specific information available about condemned prisoner Sayed Jamal Mohammadi. Amnesty International included his name was included on a list of 17 condemned Kurdish prisoners in a January 2010 piece. Amnesty reported: "All were convicted after unfair trials for moharebeh (enmity against God) for membership of banned Kurdish opposition groups, mainly the Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan (known by its Kurdish acronym PJAK), an armed group, and Komala, a Marxist organization. Some are reported to have been tortured in detention and to have been denied access to a lawyer."
A fair trial is required by Article 10 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14(3)(b) and (d) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) require competent legal counsel for prisoners. As Iran is a signatory of both, it is in violation of international law.Torture, aside from being heinous, is a violation of Article 5 of the UDHR and Article 7 of the ICCPR. Article 10(1) grants: "All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person."
Updates

 


Name: Seyed Sami Hosseini
Location: Orumiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Before 6 January 2010
Notes: There is little known of Kurdish prisoner Seeyed Samy Hosseini, other than his inclusion on a list released on 10 January 2010 by Kurdistan Human Rights Organization.
Updates.

 


Name: Sherkoh Moarefi
Age: 24;
Location: Saghez prison;
Date condemned: After October 2008

Sherkoh Moarefi, a Kurdish activist, was sentenced to death as Mohareb ("war against God") after his October 2008 arrest.

On 13 November 2009, Amnesty International published an Urgent Action item on Moarefi.

 


Name: Zainab Jalalian
Age: 27
Location: Held in Kermanshah Prison UPDATE June 26: in imminent danger of execution; UPDATE March 5: Moved to Ministry of Intelligence detention center
Date condemned: 26 November 2009
 

UPDATE: Amnesty International has issued an Urgent Action Alert for Zainab Jalalian and Hossein Khezri, who are believed to be at risk of imminent execution. We have assembled a sample letter you can send to Iranian authorities regarding these two cases.

We have assembled Contact information and a Sample Letter to Iranian officials regarding Zainab Jalalian's case. Please also sign the Petition to the United Nations regarding her case.


Zainab Jalalian was charged with Mohareb ("war against God") due to her membership in the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK), a separatist organization that is illegal in Iran. Zainab's plea to say goodbye to her family was met with, "shut up" by the sentencing judge, and she was condemned to death by hanging. As Zainab was not permitted legal representation, the Islamic Republic violated her rights under Article 10 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

Human Rights Activists News Agency and Green Voice of Freedom reported on March 5 that Zainab had been transferred from her prison in Kermanshah to the Ministry of Intelligence detention center. In the past, this has often indicated that a prisoner is about to be executed.

UPDATE 26 June: Zainab Jalalian's sentence has been upheld and advanced to the enforcement section. She is in imminent danger of execution.


Name: Habibollah Latifi
Location: Sanandaj Prison
Date condemned: July 2008
Charge: Membership in Kurdish Independent Life Party (PJAK)
Notes: Kurdish student Habibollah Latifi was arrested in 2007 in connection with the Kurdish Independent Life Party, or PJAK. He was sentenced to death in 2008 and has since been in Sanandaj Prison, where he participated in a hunger strike against Esfahan Fatahian's execution. Mr. Latifi's lawyer was not permitted to attend his trial, which is a direct violation of United Nations international law, to which Iran is a signatory. The Islamic Republic has agreed to uphold Mr. Latifi's right to legal counsel under Article 10 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Among other protects, the Article 10 of the UDHR entitles defendants to "a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him," which Mr. Latifi was clearly denied. Article 6(2) of the ICCPR states that, in countries that still practice capital punishment, it should only be imposed for the most serious crimes.

 

Habibollah Latifi's life is at stake for alleged membership in an armed resistance group, which normally carries the politcally-driven "Moharebh" charge. Moharebh is typically used as a justification for death sentences where the accused is alleged to have ties with armed separatist groups, such as PJAK and MKO. The Islamic Republic's unlawful detention and condemnation of Habibollah Latifi violates the ICCPR protections and all common moral decency.

Mr. Latifi is reportedly sentenced to be executed on June 7.


Name: Hasan Talei
Location: Maku Prison
Date condemned: 2008
Charge: Working with Kurdish opposition groups.
Notes: Political and social activist Hasan Talei was arrested and condemned to death in 2008 under the pretext of working with unnamed "known" Kurdish opposition groups, likely the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) or Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK). In January 2009, Hasan participated in a hunger strike in Maku Prison. At least 22 Kurdish prisoners protested, "This hunger strike is a protest against terrible prison conditions, violation of legal rights or prisoners by prison officials, discrimination against Kurdish political prisoners as well as not being allowed to seek necessary medical treatment and not being allowed temporary leaves from prison, which is a legal right of any prisoner.".
Updates