Mehdi Islamian's brother was executed last year convicted of cooperation with the Monarchist Group. Mehdi was convicted of giving financial aid to his brother before his arrest. Mehdi Eslamian was arrested in May 2008 and charged with providing financial assistance to anti-revolutionary groups, membership in the pro-monarchist group Anjomane Padeshahi, acting against national security, and attempting to overthrow the Iranian regime. He was condemned to death as Mohareb, and is awaiting execution in Gohardasht Prison.
Before his detention in Gohardasht, Mehdi was held in solitary confinement for six months in Evin Prison. While in Evin, he was a victim of physical and mental torture, for which he was later denied medical treatment. The regime's systematic use of torture and in prison is a violation of Article 5 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Articles 7 and 10 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).