kurdish

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Kurdish prisoners

Name: Abdolwahed (Hiwa) Butimar
Age: 30
Location: Unknown
Date Condemned: October 2008
Charge: Mohareb
Notes: Hiwa Butimar, a Kurdish Iranian journalist and environmental activst, has been sentenced to death several times. In July 2007, he was condemned for acting against national security and espionage. In October 2008, Amnesty International reported that Hiwa's death sentence was overturned in November 2007 on procedural grounds, but reimposed in April 2008. He is reportedly sentenced to death for Mohareb, a religious charge, meaning "warring against God," often used for political reasons.
Updates

 


Name: Ahmad Pooladkhani
Location: Oromiyeh prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

Name: Anvar Rostami
Location: Unnamed prison in western Iran.
Date condemned: Announced 11 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Kurdish prisoner Anvar Rostami was among the 63 names released in January 2010. He is charged with Mohareb, meaning "warring against God." The Islamic Republic is charging many political and religious dissidents as Mohareb, even whe they are not involved in armed warfare against the state. The treatment of Kurdish minorities and Kurdish prisoners is horrific, and there is no doubt Anvar Rostami is another victim of the regime's human rights abuses.
Updates

 


Name: Aziz Mohammadzadeh
Age: 26
Location:  Saghez Prison.
Date condemned: Reported 27 January 2010.
Charge: Espionage.
Notes: Aziz Mohammadzadeh, a Kurdish political activist, was arrested 13 October 2009 in Baneh. He reportedly faced brutal torture before being transferred to Saghez Prison three months later. He is currently being held in solitary confinement in poor health, and there are reports that his assets and property are being held by the Iranian government. He was sentenced to death for threatening national security and Mohareb (warring against God), likely as a direct result of his activism against Islamic Republic's institutionalized oppression and human rights violations against Kurdish Iranians.

Update July 6 While on a hunger strike in Saghez prison 5 months ago, he was taken away by prison authorities. His family has not been able to find any information about his status and whereabouts, as authorities tell them that Aziz was released.


Name: Caziye Dervis Zade
Date condemned: Reported 2 April 2010
Charge: Threatening national security.
Notes: Kurdish prisoner Caziye Dervis Zade was sentenced to death along with her children, daughter Dervis Zade (19) and son Fetullah Dervis Zade (21). Article 6(2) of the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a signatory, states that execution may only be imposed for the most serious crimes. The Islamic Republic continually intimidates its oppressed Kurdish population by imprisoning, torturing, and executing them on false charges of threatening national security.
Updates

 


 

Name: Ghader (Qader) Mohammadzadeh
Age: 32
Location: Orumiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Between 16 and 21 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Ghader Mohammadzadeh is a Kurdish political prisoner from Mir-Abad of Bokan. He was arrested and charged with "cooperating with Kurdish political groups" and sentenced to death as Moharebh for acting against national security. "Moharebh" is a politically-motivated charge meaning, "armed war against God." The Islamic Republic uses this charge to condemn people for acting against the state, usually when there is no other remotely justifiable reason for their imprisonment. Mr. Mohammadzadeh's death sentence and detention is an outrage, and he is one of many Kurdish ethnic minorities awaiting execution. He was originally given a 30-year prison term, but was later condemned to die by an appeals court, further confirming that the Islamic Republic is practicing ethnically-driven criminal practices. Kurdish activist sites state that Ghader was subjected to severe torture and pressure in prison, which is a violation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

Name: Hossein Khazari
Location: An unannounced location, formerly Oromiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Announced 11 January 2010
Charge: Membership in Kurdish opposition groups.

 

Mr. Khazari was subjected to torture during the early months of his detention, which is an abhorrent violation of the UN Convention Against Torture, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a signatory. The Islamic Republic is also choosing to ignore another important responsibility, the one that states any nation still resorting to execution as a barbaric method of punishment is to reserve the practice only for the most extreme cases. Iran is violating Article 6(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) by condemning Hossein Khazari to death for membership in Kurdish opposition groups.

Likely as a result of his torture and the deplorable conditions in prison, Hossein has developed serious medical problems. On 7 May, Iran Human Rights Voice reported that he is being denied medical treatment and has lost nearly 25% of the vision in his right eye. Hossein Khazari is also being denied access to legal representation. Unbelievably, Iran is a signatory to the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) which declares, "Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him." The ICCPR also protects the right to legal representation.

Hossein Khazari was recently moved to an unknown location, leading to fear that authorities will soon carry out his sentence.


Name: Iraj Mohammadi
Location: Oromiyeh prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

 


Name: Jahangir Badozadeh
Location: Orumieh Prison
Date condemned: Before September 2005
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Jahangir Badozadeh was sentenced to death in 2005 and is currently in the central prison of Orumieh. He is listed as "at risk of execution" in a 2005 report from Iranian Human Rights Activist Groups in EU and North America (IHRAG). Mr. Badozadeh is from Mahabad, a predominantly Kurdish region of northwestern Iran.

In March 2009, Jahangir's brother Ali was reportedly found outside of Mahabad. He had been arrested 7 days earlier, tortured to death, and left on the side of the road. In October 2009, Intelligence Ministry officials attempted to arrest Jahangir's mother and surviving brother at the family's home. They were not home, but forces confiscated books and CDs. Although the charge against Jahangir Badozadeh is unknown, his brother Ali had been arrested for allegedly aiding Kurdish political parties and having knowledge about a nephew and others involved in Kurdish political parties, likely the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) or Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK). Ali's life was violently ended, but Jahangir is likely condemned as "Moharebh," a politically-driven charge meaning "Warring against God" that is usually given to those accused of armed resistance against the Islamic Republic.

Updates

 


Name: Mohammad Amin Abdollahi
Age: 25
Location: Orumiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Between 16 and 21 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Mohammad Amin Abdollahi is a Kurdish political prisoner from Mir-Abad of Bokan. He was arrested and charged with "cooperating with Kurdish political groups" and sentenced to death as Moharebh for acting against national security. "Moharebh" is a politically-motivated charge meaning, "armed war against God." The Islamic Republic uses this charge to condemn people for acting against the state, usually when there is no other remotely justifiable reason for their imprisonment. Mr. Abdollahi's death sentence and detention is an outrage, and he is one of many Kurdish ethnic minorities awaiting execution. He was originally given a 20-year prison term, but was later condemned to die by an appeals court, further confirming that the Islamic Republic is practicing ethnically-driven criminal practices. Kurdish activist sites state that Mohammad was subjected to severe torture and pressure in prison, which is a violation of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

Name: Mohammad Amin Agooshi
Location: Oromiyeh prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

 


Name: Mostafa Salimi
Location: Saghez Prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

 


Name: Ramazan Ahmad
Location: Maku Prison
Notes: Ramazan Ahmad, a Syrian Kurdish prisoner in Maku prison, participated in a hunger strike against abuse of Kurdish prisoners. With at least 21 other prisoners, Ramazan fasted for over a week against deplorable conditions, lack of medical care, and general human rights violations in Maku.

Name: Rashid Akhkandi
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Notes: Kurdish
Updates

 


Name: Rostam Arkiya
Location: Maku Prison
Date condemned: Before 11 January 2010
Mohareb
Notes: Rostam Arkiya was a participant in a hunger strike in Maku Prison in January 2009. Rostam and at least twenty-one other prisoners rotested against deplorable conditions and the mistreatment of Kurdish prisoners. According to the Student Council of Defense of Human Rights in Kurdistan, the hunger strike lasted at least a week and prison authorities worked to keep news of it from reaching the media.

Name: Saeed Ramazan
Location: Qazwin Prison
Date condemned: July 2009
Charge: Membership in Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane/Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK).
Notes: Saeed Ramazan is a Kurdish dissident from Syrian Kurdistan, arrested in 2007 with another condemned activist, Sarhad Chalesh and sentenced to death by Revolutionary Court in Khoy.. In January 2010, the Human Rights Organization of Kurdistan reported that Saeed was transferred to Qazwin Prison. Saeed, like many Kurdish dissidents, is charged in relation to membership with the armed resistance group Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane, or PJAK. Kurdish minorities are systematically oppressed and executed by the Iranian regime and many remain in detention and are condemned to death. Their sentences are a direct violation of the UN Convention Against Torture, which states that execution, where still practiced, is to be utilized in only the most extreme situations. Membership in PJAK or any organization is not justification for these political murders.
Updates

 


Name: Sarhad Chalesh
Location:  Zanjan Prison
Date condemned: July 2009
Charge: Membership in PJAK
Notes: Kurdish political activist Sarhad Chalesh was arrested in 2008 and sentenced to death for membership in Membership in Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane, or the Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK).

Name: Sayed Jamal Mohammadi
Location: Evin Prison
Date condemned: 29 February 2008
Charge: Mohareb, membership in Partiya Jiyana Azad a Kurdistane/Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK).
Notes: There is little specific information available about condemned prisoner Sayed Jamal Mohammadi. Amnesty International included his name was included on a list of 17 condemned Kurdish prisoners in a January 2010 piece. Amnesty reported: "All were convicted after unfair trials for moharebeh (enmity against God) for membership of banned Kurdish opposition groups, mainly the Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan (known by its Kurdish acronym PJAK), an armed group, and Komala, a Marxist organization. Some are reported to have been tortured in detention and to have been denied access to a lawyer."
A fair trial is required by Article 10 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14(3)(b) and (d) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) require competent legal counsel for prisoners. As Iran is a signatory of both, it is in violation of international law.Torture, aside from being heinous, is a violation of Article 5 of the UDHR and Article 7 of the ICCPR. Article 10(1) grants: "All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person."
Updates

 


Name: Seyed Sami Hosseini
Location: Orumiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Before 6 January 2010
Notes: There is little known of Kurdish prisoner Seeyed Samy Hosseini, other than his inclusion on a list released on 10 January 2010 by Kurdistan Human Rights Organization.
Updates.

 


Name: Sherkoh Moarefi
Age: 24;
Location: Saghez prison;
Date condemned: After October 2008

Sherkoh Moarefi, a Kurdish activist, was sentenced to death as Mohareb ("war against God") after his October 2008 arrest.

On 13 November 2009, Amnesty International published an Urgent Action item on Moarefi.

 


Name: Zainab Jalalian
Age: 27
Location: Held in Kermanshah Prison UPDATE June 26: in imminent danger of execution; UPDATE March 5: Moved to Ministry of Intelligence detention center
Date condemned: 26 November 2009
 

UPDATE: Amnesty International has issued an Urgent Action Alert for Zainab Jalalian and Hossein Khezri, who are believed to be at risk of imminent execution. We have assembled a sample letter you can send to Iranian authorities regarding these two cases.

We have assembled Contact information and a Sample Letter to Iranian officials regarding Zainab Jalalian's case. Please also sign the Petition to the United Nations regarding her case.


Zainab Jalalian was charged with Mohareb ("war against God") due to her membership in the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK), a separatist organization that is illegal in Iran. Zainab's plea to say goodbye to her family was met with, "shut up" by the sentencing judge, and she was condemned to death by hanging. As Zainab was not permitted legal representation, the Islamic Republic violated her rights under Article 10 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

Human Rights Activists News Agency and Green Voice of Freedom reported on March 5 that Zainab had been transferred from her prison in Kermanshah to the Ministry of Intelligence detention center. In the past, this has often indicated that a prisoner is about to be executed.

UPDATE 26 June: Zainab Jalalian's sentence has been upheld and advanced to the enforcement section. She is in imminent danger of execution.


Name: Habibollah Latifi
Location: Sanandaj Prison
Date condemned: July 2008
Charge: Membership in Kurdish Independent Life Party (PJAK)
Notes: Kurdish student Habibollah Latifi was arrested in 2007 in connection with the Kurdish Independent Life Party, or PJAK. He was sentenced to death in 2008 and has since been in Sanandaj Prison, where he participated in a hunger strike against Esfahan Fatahian's execution. Mr. Latifi's lawyer was not permitted to attend his trial, which is a direct violation of United Nations international law, to which Iran is a signatory. The Islamic Republic has agreed to uphold Mr. Latifi's right to legal counsel under Article 10 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Among other protects, the Article 10 of the UDHR entitles defendants to "a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him," which Mr. Latifi was clearly denied. Article 6(2) of the ICCPR states that, in countries that still practice capital punishment, it should only be imposed for the most serious crimes.

 

Habibollah Latifi's life is at stake for alleged membership in an armed resistance group, which normally carries the politcally-driven "Moharebh" charge. Moharebh is typically used as a justification for death sentences where the accused is alleged to have ties with armed separatist groups, such as PJAK and MKO. The Islamic Republic's unlawful detention and condemnation of Habibollah Latifi violates the ICCPR protections and all common moral decency.

Mr. Latifi is reportedly sentenced to be executed on June 7.


Name: Hasan Talei
Location: Maku Prison
Date condemned: 2008
Charge: Working with Kurdish opposition groups.
Notes: Political and social activist Hasan Talei was arrested and condemned to death in 2008 under the pretext of working with unnamed "known" Kurdish opposition groups, likely the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) or Free Life Party of Kurdistan (PJAK). In January 2009, Hasan participated in a hunger strike in Maku Prison. At least 22 Kurdish prisoners protested, "This hunger strike is a protest against terrible prison conditions, violation of legal rights or prisoners by prison officials, discrimination against Kurdish political prisoners as well as not being allowed to seek necessary medical treatment and not being allowed temporary leaves from prison, which is a legal right of any prisoner.".
Updates

 


Habibollah Latifi

Location: Sanandaj Prison
Charge: Moharabeh due to membership in Kurdish Independent Life Party (PJAK)
Date condemned: July 2008
Notes:

May 17, 2011 Habibollah Latifi's execution sentence has been upheld by the Supreme Court and forwarded to the implementation stage. He is in imminent danger of execution as the sentence may be carried out at any time. Activists have recently submitted a petition for pardon with over 1000 signatures to the Supreme Leader's office.

December 27 UPDATE 7:45 am: Authorities are arresting others in the community who have been helping the Latifi family in recent days. In the meantime, his lawyer has returned to Tehran.

6:25 am Tehran time: Reports from sources, including Radio Farda, now include Habibollah Latifi's sister-in-law among those arrested last night. His youngest sister, who was not arrested, said that agents used pepper spray to subdue her and render her unconscious for several hours. She told RAHANA that eight family members have been arrested and she does not know their location or the reasons for their arrests.

December 26 BREAKING: Reports have emerged that Habibollah Latifi's family members have been arrested at their home. There are also unconfirmed reports that local activists have been arrested. There is conflicting information as to the number of family members arrested, but early reports suggest that his brother, two sisters, father, and another person at the house are among those detained. Up to 30 security officials conducted the raid and confiscated the family's computer and other materials. Persian2English notes, "the execution order for Habibollah Latifi was not cancelled but rather it [was announced] as a stay of execution. This and the news of the arrests of the eight family members are reason for much concern."

United4Iran has updated their eLetter to push for Mr. Latifi's release.

Other ways to help include: contacting media and signing the two existing petitions. Activists also encourage everyone to share the news widely on their existing networks.

December 25 Thanks in part to the actions of protesters and activists in and outside of Iran, Habibollah Latifi's execution has been stayed. His sister said, "Habib asked that we sincerely thank all the citizens who worked so hard on his behalf. He asked that I kiss your hands and your eyes." The official word from government mouthpieces is that the execution was delayed to examine "irregularities" in the case.

December 23 Urgent: Reports state that Habibollah Latifi is due to be executed this Sunday, December 26, in Sanandaj prison. Mr. Latifi's lawyer has confirmed the report.

Kurdish student Habibollah Latifi was arrested in 2007 in connection with the Kurdish Independent Life Party, or PJAK. He was sentenced to death in 2008 and has since been in Sanandaj Prison, where he participated in a hunger strike against Esfahan Fatahian's execution. Mr. Latifi's lawyer was not permitted to attend his trial, which is a direct violation of United Nations international law, to which Iran is a signatory. The Islamic Republic has agreed to uphold Mr. Latifi's right to legal counsel under Article 10 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR). Among other protections, Article 10 of the UDHR entitles defendants to "a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him," which Mr. Latifi was clearly denied. Article 6(2) of the ICCPR states that, in countries that still practice capital punishment, it should only be imposed for the most serious crimes.

Habibollah Latifi's life is at stake for alleged membership in an armed resistance group, which normally carries the politcally-driven Moharabeh charge. Moharabeh is typically used as a justification for death sentences where the accused is alleged to have ties with armed separatist groups, such as PJAK. The Islamic Republic's unlawful detention and condemnation of Habibollah Latifi violates the ICCPR protections and all common moral decency.

Updates

6 Prisoners in Danger of Execution: Action Alert and Sample Letter to Iranian Authorities

On 1 Aug 2010, it was announced that the death sentences of six political prisoners in Iran, for whom Amnesty International had previously released an Urgent Action Alert, had been upheld and sent to enforcement. Please write immediately to Iranian authorities to save their lives. We have assembled a sample letter regarding these six cases. We also urge you to write to the United Nations on these prisoners' behalf.

If you write your own letter please include the following:

- Request an immediate stay of execution for Abdolreza Ghanbari, Jafar Kazemi (son of Bahman), Mohammad-Ali Haj-Aghaie, Ahmad Daneshpour Moghadam, Mohsen Daneshpour Moghadam, and Mohammad Ali Saremi;

- Urge the authorities to commute all death sentences in Iran, including any imposed in connection with the post-election protests;

- Remind the Iranian authorities that the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a state party, states that the death penalty can only be carried out for “the most serious crimes”, which the Human Rights Committee has clarified must be “intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences."

Write to:

Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed ‘Ali Khamenei

The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street – End of Shahid Keshvar Doust Street, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: info_leader@leader.ir
via website: http://www.leader.ir/langs/en/index.php?p=letter (English)
Salutation: Your Excellency

Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Sadeqh Larijani


Howzeh Riyasat-e Qoveh Qazaiyeh (Office of the Head of the Judiciary)
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave., south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran, 1316814737
Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: Via website: http://www.dadiran.ir/tabid/75/Default.aspx
First starred box: your given name; second starred box: your family name; third: your email address
Salutation: Your Excellency

And copies to:
Director, Human Rights Headquarters of Iran
His Excellency Mohammad Javad Larijani


Bureau of International Affairs, Office of the Head of the Judiciary, Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave. south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran 1316814737, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: bia.judi@yahoo.com
Fax: + 98 21 5 537 8827 (please keep trying)
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.


Your Excellency,

I am writing to you regarding the cases of six political prisoners on death row thought to be in danger of imminent execution: Abdolreza Ghanbari, Jafar Kazemi (son of Bahman), Mohammad-Ali Haj-Aghaie, Ahmad Daneshpour Moghadam, Mohsen Daneshpour Moghadam, and Mohammad Ali Saremi. On August 1 it was announced that their death sentences, upheld by the Appeals Court, had been sent to the Enforcement Division.

Abdolreza Ghanbari, a 42-year old teacher from Ghiamdasht, in Varamin, was sentenced to death on charges of Moharebeh based on his supposed crime of chanting "Death to the dictator" - during the 2009 Ashura protests. He is currently being held in Evin Prison, but was previously held in an IRGC Intelligence prison, the '2-A' Security Ward.

Jafar Kazemi was arrested on September 18, 2009 in connection with the post-election protests and, though not accused of any violent act, was sentenced to death as Moharebeh and for “propaganda about the system” due to his participation in Qods protests and son’s involvement with the People's Mujahedin of Iran (MKO, PMOI, or MEK). He was harshly interrogated and pressured in Evin prison to make a televised confession, which he refused.

Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei is presumably being held in Evin Prison in Tehran.  He was also arrested on September 18, 2010 and sentenced to death as Moharebeh for connections with MEK and propaganda against the Iranian government.

Ahmad Daneshpour and his son, Mohsen, were also arrested after Ashura protests and are sentenced to death for alleged ties with MEK.  Their death sentences were upheld by an appellate court in April and they are presumed to be detained in Evin Prison.

Ali Saremi, age 62, has been arrested at least four times in the last 30 years.  Mr. Saremi was sentenced to death on 29 December 2009 after being detained for 28 months. He is currently held in Ward 4 of Raja’i Shahr Prison, also known as Gohardasht, in Karaj.  Mr. Saremi is also being denied proper medical treatment and access to his necessary medications.

Many or all of these prisoners were denied access to legal counsel and were unable to present a defense with the aid of an attorney. The right to a fair trial is provided under Article 10 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Under Article 14 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), any prisoner is guaranteed a fair and public trial, examination of witnesses against him, and is protected from having to falsely testify or confess to the charges against him. Iran is a signatory to both treaties and must fulfill its obligations under international law by granting these persons a fair trial with legal representation.

Furthermore, there is evidence that these prisoners may have been subjected to torture during their pre-trial detention. Torture is a violation of the UDHR, as stated by Article 5: "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment." This is also guaranteed by Article 7 of the ICCPR.

Finally, in countries that still use the death penalty as an punishment, it may only be imposed "for the most serious crimes," according to Article 6 of the ICCPR.

Given the above, I respectfully request the following for these six men:

- that their death sentences be immediately overturned, and any planned executions be halted;


- any charges solely of participation in public protests to be dropped;


- that they be granted new trials as regards any remaining charges, with access to legal counsel, a public hearing by an impartial tribunal and protection from torture or coerced confessions as laid out in the ICCPR and UDHR.


Yours sincerely,

Your name


We also urge you to write to the United Nations on these prisoners' behalf.

Action Alert and Sample Letter for Ja'far Kazemi and Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei

On 29 July 2010, it was announced that Jafar Kazemi's death sentence had been upheld by Iran's Supreme Court and sent to enforcement. Please write immediately to save his life. We have updated our sample letter to reflect the news.

On 30 April 2010, Amnesty International released an Urgent Action Alert regarding Ja'far Kazemi, a death-row prisoner in Iran believed to be at risk of imminent execution, and Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, tried at the same hearing and on similar charges. A report released the same day by ICHRI states that Mohammad Aghaei has likewise been sentenced to death. Please write to the following officials using regarding these two cases (please refer to Ja’far Kazemi as "Ja’far Kazemi, son of Bahman" in your appeals, as this will help the authorities to identify him) as follows. You can use our sample letter or write your own:

- Asking for an immediate stay of execution in Ja’far Kazemi and Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei’s cases;

- Urging the authorities to commute all death sentences in Iran, including any imposed in connection with the post-election protests;

- Reminding the Iranian authorities that the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a state party, states that the death penalty can only be carried out for “the most serious crimes”, which the Human Rights Committee has clarified must be “intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences."

 

Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed ‘Ali Khamenei


The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street – End of Shahid Keshvar Doust Street, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: info_leader@leader.ir
via website: http://www.leader.ir/langs/en/index.php?p=letter (English)
Salutation: Your Excellency

Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Sadeqh Larijani


Howzeh Riyasat-e Qoveh Qazaiyeh (Office of the Head of the Judiciary)
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave., south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran, 1316814737
Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: Via website: http://www.dadiran.ir/tabid/75/Default.aspx
First starred box: your given name; second starred box: your family name; third: your email address
Salutation: Your Excellency

And copies to:
Director, Human Rights Headquarters of Iran
His Excellency Mohammad Javad Larijani


Bureau of International Affairs, Office of the Head of the Judiciary, Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave. south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran 1316814737, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: bia.judi@yahoo.com
Fax: + 98 21 5 537 8827 (please keep trying)
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.


Your Excellency,

I am writing with regards to Ja’far Kazemi, son of Bahman, and Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, two men currently on death row in Iran. On 29 July, it was announced that Ja'far's sentence has been upheld by the Supreme Court and sent to enforcement, and he is believed to be in danger of imminent execution.

Ja’far was arrested on September 18, 2009 in connection with the post-election protests and, though not accused of any violent act, was sentenced to death for “Moharebeh” and “propaganda about the system.” Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei was tried in the same trial and on similar charges and recent reports indicate that he has been sentenced to death as well.

Iran is a signatory to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which states that the death penalty can only be carried out for “the most serious crimes”, which the Human Rights Committee has clarified must be “intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences." Furthermore, he has had limited access to a lawyer, in direct violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a signatory, which guarantees defendants access to legal counsel and a "fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal" (Articles 14 and 10).

Given the above, I request that any imminent execution for Ja’far Kazemi or Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaie be halted and both their death sentences be commuted at once, together with those of any other death-row prisoners sentenced in connection with the post-election protests or other non-violent activism.

Yours sincerely,

Shirin Alam Hooli

Name: Shirin Alam Hooli
Age: 28
Hanged outside of Evin Prison 9 May 2010
Date condemned: 3 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb and cooperation with armed Kurdish groups.
Notes: Shirin Alam Hooli was arrested on 26 May 2008 and held in a secret Revolutionary Guard prison for 21 days before being transfered to the notorious political prisoners ward (209) at Evin Prison in northwest Tehran. According to her lawyer, Shirin was severely tortured at the Revolutionary Guard detention center, and her appalling medical condition led to a week in Evin's medical clinic before officials would accept her into Ward 209. She is currently held in the general women's ward at Evin, after being subjected to five months in Ward 209.
Although the prosecution was unable to prevent any evidence, Shirin was charged with cooperation with the Kurdish militant group Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) and condemned to death as Mohareb, a religious charge meaning "war against God."
Shirin's severe torture in detention is a violation of Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), of which Iran is a signatory. As the prosecution did not provide valid evidence against Shirin Alam Hooli, her arbitrary detention violates Article 9 of the UDHR. Such a trial cannot be considered "impartial" or "independent" as required by Article 10. Furthermore, the prosecution could not have met the burden of proof, guaranteed by Article 11.
A letter by Alam Hooli, "In Short, They Did To Me Whatever They Could" was published by supporters and showcased by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty on 10 February 2010. Among other ordeals, she writes about prison guards attempting to break her hunger strike by forcing feeding tubes into her stomach.
On 27 February, Radio Zamaneh and others reported that over 2,000 human rights activists petitioned on behalf on Hooli, calling for her sentence to be overturned. According to the letter, while Hooli had been interrogated in Persian, she had only a rudimentary knowledge of the language, and her confession should be nullified. The letter also reiterated that Hooli had been brutally tortured in Evin Prison.

Ali Heydarian

Name: Ali Heydarian (sometimes listed as Heidarian)
Executed 9 May 2010 outside of Evin Prison
Date condemned: 29 February 2008
Charge: Mohareb, membership in PKK, acting against national security.
Notes: Kurdish human rights activist activist Ali Heydarian was arrested in August 2006 with Farzad Kamangar and Farhad Vakili in Tehran. The three were charged of being members in the Kurdish Workers Party (پارتی کار که‌رانی کوردستان Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, commonly known as PKK) and acting against national security. After 17 months in prison, the three were condemned to death as Mohareb, a religious charge meaning "warring against God" on 29 February 2008. Ali Heydarian received an additional ten years for forging his birth certificate. The religious charge Mohareb and other sham charges are often used to justify the imprisonment and execution of political prisoners, and is a serious human rights violation.
Heydarian was held in Rajai-Shahr Prison near Karaj, where he was fatally wounded by prison guards in May 2008. He was denied medical treatment until the other prisoners united in protest. Rajai-Shahr Prison is notorious for abuse and torture and political prisoners are often housed with violent criminals as an intimidation technique. Previously, Heydarian was held in prisons in Sanandaj, Kermanshah and Tehran, where torture is also heavily documented.
On 11 January 2010, the Kurdistan Human Rights Organization listed Ali Heydarian among the 17 Kurdish political prisoners at imminent risk of execution in Evin Prison.
Torture is explicitly outlawed by Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Additionally, the Islamic Republic is in violation of Articles 8, 9, and 10 of the UDHR, which provide protection against arbitrary arrest and detention, and a fair and public hearing.
Updates

 

Farhad Vakili

Name: Farhad Vakili
Executed 9 May 2010 outside of Evin Prison.
Date condemned: 29 February 2008
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Farhad Vakili was arrested in August 2006 with Ali Heydarian and Farzad Kamangar in Tehran. The three were charged of being members in the Kurdish Workers Party (پارتی کار که‌رانی کوردستانPartiya Karkerên Kurdistan, commonly known as PKK) and acting against national security. After 17 months in prison, the three were condemned to death as Mohareb, a religious charge meaning "warring against God" on 29 February 2008. Farhad Vakili received an additional ten years for forging his birth certificate. In an August 2008 report, the Child Rights Information Network called the proceedings "a grossly flawed process that fell far short of international standards for a fair trial." The religious charge Mohareb and other sham charges are often used to justify the imprisonment and execution of political prisoners, and is a serious human rights violation.
Previously, Vakili was held in prisons in Sanandaj, Kermanshah and Tehran, where torture is also heavily documented. Torture is explicitly outlawed by Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Additionally, the Islamic Republic is in violation of Articles 8, 9, and 10 of the UDHR, which provide protection against arbitrary arrest and detention, and require a fair and public hearing.
On 11 January 2010, the Kurdistan Human Rights Organization listed Farhad Vakili among the 17 Kurdish political prisoners at imminent risk of execution in Evin Prison.
Updates

 

UN Letter for Zainab Jalalian زینب جلالیان

Please write to Navi Pillay, the UN High Commissioner for the Office of Human Rights and Ban Ki-Moon, the Secretary General of the United Nations regarding Zainab Jalalian's case and asking for her sentence to be overturned and a new, impartial trial to be held, with access to legal counsel and protection from coerced confessions. A sample letter you can use, or modify, follows.

Navi Pillay, UN High Commissioner for the Office of Human Rights

npillay@ohchr.org

Fax: +41-22-917-9008 (Geneva) +1-212-963-4097 (NY)

His Excellency Ban Ki-Moon, Secretary General of the United Nations

Fax: 212-963-7055 (You can send a fax for free online here), Tel: 1-212-963-7160, 61, 62

Dear Ms. Pillay/Mr. Ban Ki-Moon:

I am writing to you regarding the case of Zainab Jalalian, a Iranian political prisoner sentenced to death on 26 Nov 2009 on charges of Mohareb and at risk of imminent execution.

On June 26, Kurdish human rights organizations reported that Zainab's death sentence had been finalized and forwarded to the enforcement section. Her lawyer is reporting that she has been moved to another ward in preparation for execution and that, barring intervention by the UN, it is likely her sentence will soon be carried out.

Zainab was denied access to legal counsel at her trial; her plea to say goodbye to her family was met with, "shut up" by the sentencing judge, and she was condemned to death by hanging. This is in direct violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a signatory, which guarantees defendants access to legal counsel and a "fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal" (Articles 14 and 10). On March 5, several online news organizations reported that Zainab Jalalian had been transferred from Kermanshah Prison to the Ministry of Intelligence detention center, an event that in the past has signified an imminent execution. As Ms. Jalalian was not given a fair hearing with access to legal counsel, such an execution would be a deplorable action and illegal under international law.

Given the above, I ask that you use any means in your power to obtain the following for Zeinab Jalalian:

- if an imminent execution is planned, that it be immediately halted;

- for her death sentence to be overturned on the grounds that she was not granted a fair trial with legal representation;

- that she be granted a new trial if charges against her remain, with access to legal counsel, a public hearing by an impartial tribunal and protection from torture or coerced confessions as laid out in the ICCPR and UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights).

Zainab Jalalian's case has been forwarded to the implementation stage and we are concerned about the imminent risk to her life. We ask that you force the Islamic Republic of Iran to comply with international law and norms, abide by treaties that the UN places its name on, and act to save her life. 

Yours sincerely,

 

We also urge you to send the above letter to world leaders and influential figures.

Activist @shariatmadari has provided contact information for Brazilian President Luíz Inácio Lula da Silva, based on Brazil's close relations with the Islamic Republic of Iran, and for Patricia Llombart Cussac of the European Commission.

Ms. Patricia Llombart Cussac, European Commission, Head of Gulf Countries Unit – Iran, Iraq, Yemen.
Fax: +(32) 2 2966612 and +(32) 2 2951859

Luíz Inácio Lula da Silva, Presidência da República
Fax: (61) 3224-0289 / 3411-2222
Email: pr@planalto.gov.br

Ambassador Celso Luiz Nunes Amorim, Ministério das Relações Exteriores (Minister of Foreign Affairs)
Fax: (61) 3411-6993
Email: maurovieira@mre.gov.br

Dear [Name]

I am writing to you regarding the case of Zainab Jalalian, a Iranian political prisoner sentenced to death on 26 Nov 2009 on charges of Mohareb and at risk of imminent execution.

On June 26, Kurdish human rights organizations reported that Zainab's death sentence had been finalized and forwarded to the enforcement section. Her lawyer is reporting that she has been moved to another ward in preparation for execution and that, barring intervention by the international community, it is likely her sentence will soon be carried out.

Zainab was denied access to legal counsel at her trial; her plea to say goodbye to her family was met with, "shut up" by the sentencing judge, and she was condemned to death by hanging. This is in direct violation of the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a signatory, which guarantees defendants access to legal counsel and a "fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal" (Articles 14 and 10). On March 5, several online news organizations reported that Zainab Jalalian had been transferred from Kermanshah Prison to the Ministry of Intelligence detention center, an event that in the past has signified an imminent execution. As Ms. Jalalian was not given a fair hearing with access to legal counsel, such an execution would be a deplorable action and illegal under international law.

Given the above, I ask that you use any means in your power to obtain the following for Zeinab Jalalian:

- if an imminent execution is planned, that it be immediately halted;

- for her death sentence to be overturned on the grounds that she was not granted a fair trial with legal representation;

- that she be granted a new trial if charges against her remain, with access to legal counsel, a public hearing by an impartial tribunal and protection from torture or coerced confessions as laid out in the ICCPR and UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights).

Zainab Jalalian's case has been forwarded to the implementation stage and we are concerned about the imminent risk to her life. We ask that you force the Islamic Republic of Iran to comply with international laws and norms, abide by treaties that the international community places its name on, and act to save her life.

Yours sincerely,

You may also wish to communicate with President Lula and the Brazilian Foreign Ministry in Portuguese.

Luíz Inácio Lula da Silva, Presidência da República
Fax:(61) 3224-0289 / 3411-2222
Email: pr@planalto.gov.br

Embaixador Celso Luiz Nunes Amorim, Ministério das Relações Exteriores (Ministro dos NegóciosEstrangeiros)
Fax:(61)3411-6993
Email: maurovieira@mre.gov.br

Ex.mo Sr. Presidente:

Estou escrevendo a V. Exª sobre o caso de Jalalian Zainab, um prisioneiro político iraniano condenado à morte em 26 de Novembro de 2009 sob a acusação de Mohareb (“Inimizade Contra Deus”) e em risco de execução iminente. Em 26 de Junho, a organização de Direitos Humanos, informou que a sentença de morte de Zainab tinha sido oficializada e que esta fora enviada para a secção de execuções. O seu advogado está reportando que ela foi transferida para outra ala, em preparação para a execução e que, salvo a intervenção da ONU, é provável que a sua sentença seja consumada dentro em breve.

A Zainab foi-lhe negado o acesso a um advogado aquando do seu julgamento. O seu pedido para se despedir da sua família foi contestado com "shut up"/ “cale-se” pelo juiz de condenação, e ela foi condenada à morte por enforcamento. Esta é uma violação objectiva do Pacto Internacional sobre Direitos Civis e Políticos (PIDCP), de que o Irão é signatário. O qual garante aos arguidos acesso a aconselhamento legal e “a uma audição justa e pública por um tribunal: competente, independente e imparcial "(artigos 14 e 10). Em 5 de Março, várias organizações noticiosas on-line comunicaram que Zainab Jalalian tinha sido transferida da prisão de Kermanshah para o centro de detenção do Ministério da Inteligência, um facto que no passado significou: execução iminente. Como à Sra. Jalalian não lhe foi dado um julgamento justo, com acesso a assistência jurídica, esta execução será um acto deplorável e ilegal face à Lei Internacional.

Face ao exposto, solicito que V.Exª use todos os meios ao seu alcance para obter o seguinte para Zeinab Jalalian:

- Se está sendo planeada uma execução iminente, que esta seja imediatamente suspensa;

- Que a sua sentença de morte seja anulada, alegando que não lhe foi concedido um julgamento justo e com representação legal;

- Se as acusações contra ela permanecerem, que lhe seja concedido um novo julgamento: com acesso a um advogado, a uma audiência pública por um tribunal imparcial, e, protecção contra a tortura ou confissões forçadas, conforme estabelecido no PIDCP e DUDH (Declaração Universal dos Direitos do Homem).

O caso de Zainab Jalalian foi encaminhado para a fase de implementação e estamos preocupados com o risco iminente da sua vida. Nós solicitamos que V. EXª exorte a República Islâmica do Irão a respeitar a legislação e normas internacionais, e obedeça aos tratados em que a ONU coloca seu nome, e actue para salvar sua vida.

Atenciosamente,

Your Name

With much thanks to @Dputamadre for the Portuguese translation.

You can now send a letter on behalf of Zainab Jalalian to Iranian Embassies, the UN, and Iranian officials with one click on United For Iran's website.

Jafar Kazemi Action Alert and Sample Letter to Iranian Authorities

On 29 July 2010, it was announced that Jafar Kazemi's death sentence had been upheld by Iran's Supreme Court and sent to enforcement. Please write immediately to save his life. We have updated our sample letter to reflect the news.

On 30 April 2010, Amnesty International released an Urgent Action Alert regarding Jafar Kazemi, a death-row prisoner in Iran believed to be at risk of imminent execution. Please write to the following officials using regarding this case (please refer to him as "Jafar Kazemi, son of Bahman" in your appeals, as this will help the authorities to identify him) as follows. You can use our sample letter or write your own:

- Asking for an immediate stay of execution for Jafar Kazemi;

- Urging the authorities to commute all death sentences in Iran, including any imposed in connection with the post-election protests;

- Reminding the Iranian authorities that the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a state party, states that the death penalty can only be carried out for “the most serious crimes”, which the Human Rights Committee has clarified must be “intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences."

Write to:

Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed ‘Ali Khamenei

The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street – End of Shahid Keshvar Doust Street, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: info_leader@leader.ir
via website: http://www.leader.ir/langs/en/index.php?p=letter (English)
Salutation: Your Excellency

Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Sadeqh Larijani


Howzeh Riyasat-e Qoveh Qazaiyeh (Office of the Head of the Judiciary)
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave., south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran, 1316814737
Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: Via website: http://www.dadiran.ir/tabid/75/Default.aspx
First starred box: your given name; second starred box: your family name; third: your email address
Salutation: Your Excellency

And copies to:
Director, Human Rights Headquarters of Iran
His Excellency Mohammad Javad Larijani


Bureau of International Affairs, Office of the Head of the Judiciary, Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave. south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran 1316814737, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: bia.judi@yahoo.com
Fax: + 98 21 5 537 8827 (please keep trying)
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.


Your Excellency,

I am writing with regards to Jafar Kazemi, son of Bahman, currently on death row in Iran. On 29 July, it was announced that Jafar's sentence has been upheld by the Supreme Court and sent to enforcement, and he is believed to be in danger of imminent execution.

Jafar was arrested on September 18, 2009 in connection with the post-election protests and, though not accused of any violent act, was sentenced to death for “Moharebeh” and “propaganda about the system.”

Iran is a signatory to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which states that the death penalty can only be carried out for “the most serious crimes”, which the Human Rights Committee has clarified must be “intentional crimes with lethal or other extremely grave consequences." Furthermore, he has had limited access to a lawyer, in direct violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a signatory, which guarantees defendants access to legal counsel and a "fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal" (Articles 14 and 10).

Given the above, I request that any imminent execution for Jafar Kazemi be halted and his death sentences be commuted at once, together with those of any other death-row prisoners sentenced in connection with the post-election protests or other non-violent activism.

Yours sincerely,


We also urge you to write to the United Nations on Mr. Kazemi's behalf.

Action Alert and Sample Letter for Zainab Jalalian and Hossein Khezri

On 21 April 2010, Amnesty International released an Urgent Action Alert regarding two death-row prisoners in Iran, Zainab Jalalian and Hossein Khezri, believed to be at risk of imminent execution. Please write to the following officials regarding these two cases and asking for these two death sentences to be overturned. A sample letter you can use, or modify, follows.

 

Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed ‘Ali Khamenei

The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street – End of Shahid Keshvar Doust Street, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: info_leader@leader.ir
via website: http://www.leader.ir/langs/en/index.php?p=letter (English)
Salutation: Your Excellency

Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Sadeqh Larijani

Howzeh Riyasat-e Qoveh Qazaiyeh (Office of the Head of the Judiciary)
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave., south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran, 1316814737
Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: Via website: http://www.dadiran.ir/tabid/75/Default.aspx
First starred box: your given name; second starred box: your family name; third: your email address
Salutation: Your Excellency

And copies to:
Director, Human Rights Headquarters of Iran
His Excellency Mohammad Javad Larijani

Bureau of International Affairs, Office of the Head of the Judiciary, Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave. south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran 1316814737, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: bia.judi@yahoo.com
Fax: + 98 21 5 537 8827 (please keep trying)
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.

Your Excellency,

I am writing in regard to two political prisoners currently on death row in Iran. Hossein Khezri and Zeynab Jalalian have been condemned to as Moharebeh for membership in the Party for Free Life of Kurdistan.

I urge you not to execute Hossein Khezri and Zeynab Jalalian, but to commute their death sentences and retry them in fair proceedings that adhere to international law and standards. Any evidence obtained under torture, pressure, and ill-treatment must be disregarded, and Hossein Khezri and Zeynab Jalalian granted a fair trial.  Torture is a direct violation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, and the Islamic Republic of Iran is a signatory to UN Conventions that guarantee accused persons the right to a fair trial before an impartial body with sufficient legal representation.

I recognize the right of the Islamic Republic of Iran to bring criminals to justice, but hold Iran responsible for its responsibility to abide by the protections granted by Article 6.2 of the UN International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which reserves execution for only the most serious offenses.

I urge the Islamic Republic of Iran to fulfill its obligations under international law and grant these two people an immediate stay of execution followed by a fair and impartial retrial in which justice is upheld.

Yours sincerely,

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