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Hossein Khezri

Also written as:
Hossein Khazri, Hossein Khazari
Age: 28
Location: An unannounced location, formerly Oromiyeh Prison
Date condemned: Announced 11 January 2010
Charge: Moharabeh, due to membership in Kurdish opposition groups.

January 15 After days of speculation about his safety, multiple sites are reporting this morning that Hossein Khezri was executed at Oromiyeh Prison this morning. It is important to note that, while a Kurdish political prisoner was executed at Oromiyeh, it has not been confirmed to be Khezri.

January 13 Hossein Khezri's family is still unable to find information about his whereabouts or condition. Authorities have told them simply that he was moved to Tehran for the completion of his sentence. They fear he may have been secretly executed.

January 6 Hossein Khezri's brother and other family members were able to visit him in Oromiyeh Prison yesterday. According to an interview, it was staged as a final visit and prison authorities told them that he will be moved and "this is the last time you will ever see him." The family is, of course, concerned that Mr. Khezri is in immediate danger of execution.

January 2, 2011 Hossein Khezri has been removed from Oromiyeh Prison agents from the Intelligence Ministry. He is considered in extreme danger of imminent execution. Although the exact reason for his cell extraction is not known, this is typical before a scheduled execution.

November 17 The Supreme Court has issued a memo to Oromiyeh Prison officials ordering Hossein Khezri's execution. The enforcement unit of the prison has asked for permission to carry out the order. He is in imminent danger. Furthermore, his attorney resigned under suspicious circumstances this morning.

Mr. Khezri has formally recognized the international human rights community as his attorneys, and we all have a duty to act on his behalf.

In his letter, Khezri also detailed his treatment at the hands of the authorities: . I was told that I must appear on camera and read off the confessions they have written for me and deny that I had been mistreated in any way. I was told if I cooperate, they may lessen the charges and reduce the punishment…whenever my father attempted to find out any information about me, he was given confusing and conflicting answers.

November 19 Amnesty International has issued an urgent action statement (PDF) for Hossein Khezri. Amnesty urges people to write to the Iranian authorities and appeal for Khezri's life.

November 7 Hossein Khezri has written a letter to human rights organizations and activists, calling on them to share the details of his case with the international community. In the letter, he pleas for the international community's help in securing him a fair and open trial and has "formally recognized" all concerned activists as his lawyers. Mr. Khezri asks that the United Nations takes on his case.

To fulfill Mr. Khezri's wishes, we have compiled a sample letter to be send to the United Nations, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.

October 10 In an interview with a family member, it was reported today that Hossein Khezri's appeals have been exhausted, and he is considered to be in imminent danger of execution. The interview provided more information about Mr. Khezri's condition and the abuse he has suffered at the hands of the Islamic Republic.

According to the interview, Mr. Khezri did not receive adequate legal representation, as guaranteed by UN conventions. The judicial proceedings erroneously called a "trial" by the Islamic Republic consisted of a 7-or-8-minute appearance in court when the verdict was read. Although his lawyer was present in court at this time, Mr. Khezri was not permitted a defense statement or any other form of adequate legal representation.

Mr. Khezri was in solitary confinement for 7 months. Previously, he had been held by the Intelligence Ministry for a month and by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) for 6 months. He was brutally interrogated and tortured in both detention centers. At one point, interrogators bound Mr. Khezri's feet and hands, blindfolded him, and forced him to sign his "confession." The IRGC and Intelligence Ministry have a number of detention centers that are not known to the public. In many cases, political prisoners and others are held in these facilities and their families cannot receive any information about them.

Mr. Khezri is charged with Moharabeh due to an alleged membership in Kurdish opposition parties.

Mr. Khezri was subjected to torture during the early months of his detention, which is an abhorrent violation of the UN Convention Against Torture, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Iran is a signatory. The Islamic Republic is also choosing to ignore another important responsibility, the one that states any nation still resorting to execution as a barbaric method of punishment is to reserve the practice only for the most extreme cases. Iran is violating Article 6(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) by condemning Hossein Khezri to death for membership in Kurdish opposition groups.

Likely as a result of his torture and the deplorable conditions in prison, Hossein has developed serious medical problems. On 7 May, Iran Human Rights Voice reported that he is being denied medical treatment and has lost nearly 25% of the vision in his right eye. Hossein Khezri is also being denied access to legal representation. Unbelievably, Iran is a signatory to the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) which declares, "Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him." The ICCPR also protects the right to legal representation.

Habibullah Golparipour

Location: Oroumiyeh Prison as of December 5, 2010; previously Mahabad Prison
Charge: Moharebeh
Date condemned: Announced 7 May 2010

December 5 Concerning development: Habibollah Golparipour was transferred to Oroumiyeh prison.

September 5 Mr. Golparipour's death sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court. He is considered to be in imminent danger of execution.

Habibullah Golparipour was arrested in November 2009 and charged with membership in a Kurdish opposition party. On 7 May 2010, Iran Human Rights Voice announced his death sentence under the politically-motivated religious charge of Moharebeh, which means "armed war against God." The charge is commonly applied for armed resistance to the Islamic Republic, but has increasingly been used against religious and political opponents to the regime. Though Habibullah is originally from Sanandaj and was originally detained there, he was was sentenced by the Revolutionary Court in Mahabad, where he is currently held. Many Kurds are being transferred to provinces far from their homes, so that the Iranian regime may condemn, torture, and execute them and contain the news. Habibullah Golparipour and others' cases are an outrage. His death sentence violates Article 6(2) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), which states that the death penalty, when still used, may only be applied for the most serious offenses. Mr. Golparipour's membership in a political organization is no justification for his murder.

Letter for Zainab Jalalian زینب جلالیان

Please write to the following Iranian authorities regarding Zainab Jalalian's case and asking for her sentence to be overturned and a new, impartial trial to be held, with access to legal counsel and protection from coerced confessions. A sample letter you can use, or modify, follows.

June 28 UPDATE: Please also write to the UN's Navi Pillay, sample letter here.

Leader of the Islamic Republic
Ayatollah Sayed ‘Ali Khamenei

The Office of the Supreme Leader
Islamic Republic Street – End of Shahid Keshvar Doust Street, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: info_leader@leader.ir
via website: http://www.leader.ir/langs/en/index.php?p=letter (English)
Salutation: Your Excellency

Head of the Judiciary
Ayatollah Sadeqh Larijani

Howzeh Riyasat-e Qoveh Qazaiyeh (Office of the Head of the Judiciary)
Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave., south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran, 1316814737
Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: Via website: http://www.dadiran.ir/tabid/75/Default.aspx
First starred box: your given name; second starred box: your family name; third: your email address
Salutation: Your Excellency

And copies to:
Director, Human Rights Headquarters of Iran
His Excellency Mohammad Javad Larijani

Bureau of International Affairs, Office of the Head of the Judiciary, Pasteur St., Vali Asr Ave. south of Serah-e Jomhouri, Tehran 1316814737, Islamic Republic of Iran
Email: bia.judi@yahoo.com
Fax: + 98 21 5 537 8827 (please keep trying)
Also send copies to diplomatic representatives accredited to your country.

 Your Excellency:

I am writing to you regarding the case of Zainab Jalalian, a political prisoner sentenced to death on 26 Nov 2009 on charges of Mohareb.

On June 26 2010, several online news organizations reported that Zainab Jalalian's death sentence ruling has been sent to the enforcement department and she is in imminent danger of execution.

Zainab was denied access to legal counsel at her trial; her plea to say goodbye to her family was met with, "shut up" by the sentencing judge, and she was condemned to death by hanging. This is in direct violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), to which Iran is a signatory, which guarantees defendants access to legal counsel and a "fair and public hearing by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal" (Articles 14 and 10). As Ms. Jalalian was not given a fair hearing with access to legal counsel, such an execution would be a deplorable action and illegal under international law.

Given the above, I respectfully request the following for Zainab Jalalian:

- if an imminent execution is planned, that it be immediately halted;
- for her death sentence to be overturned on the grounds that she was not granted a fair trial with legal representation;
- that she be granted a new trial if charges against her remain, with access to legal counsel, a public hearing by an impartial tribunal and protection from torture or coerced confessions as laid out in the ICCPR and UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights).

Yours sincerely,

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