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Execution Statistics

Executions in 2009

Note: Official statistics from the Islamic Republic of Iran are unavailable. Official Iranian media often does not provide names, identifying information, or the offense when announcing executions.

  • Increase of about 20% from 2008
  • At least 388 executed
    • 402 executed, as reported by Iran Human Rights
  • 13 women
  • 5 juvenile offenders (age 17 at the time of arrest)
    • Mola Gol Hassan, 21 January
    • Delara Darabi, 1 May
    • Ali Jafari, 20 May
    • Behnoud Shojaee, 11 October
    • Mosleh Zamani, 17 December
  • 14 held publicly
  • 112 executions in the 8-week period following the June 12 Presidential elections
  • 3 members of separatist group Jundallah on 30 May, less than 48 hours after a mosque bombing, for which they were convicted and executed, despite being in detention at the time of the crime
  • Increased execution of political prisoners, often convicted of Moharebeh

from Amnesty International: In Iran, where at least 388 people were executed, the death penalty continued to be applied in political cases, in which individuals are commonly accused of “enmity against God”. A sharp increase in the rate of executions was registered in the eight-week period between the presidential election on 12 June and the inauguration of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for a second term as President on 5 August. Many of those executed were convicted in flawed legal proceedings, some after having made televised “confessions”.


Resources

Shirin Alam Hooli

Name: Shirin Alam Hooli
Age: 28
Hanged outside of Evin Prison 9 May 2010
Date condemned: 3 January 2010
Charge: Mohareb and cooperation with armed Kurdish groups.
Notes: Shirin Alam Hooli was arrested on 26 May 2008 and held in a secret Revolutionary Guard prison for 21 days before being transfered to the notorious political prisoners ward (209) at Evin Prison in northwest Tehran. According to her lawyer, Shirin was severely tortured at the Revolutionary Guard detention center, and her appalling medical condition led to a week in Evin's medical clinic before officials would accept her into Ward 209. She is currently held in the general women's ward at Evin, after being subjected to five months in Ward 209.
Although the prosecution was unable to prevent any evidence, Shirin was charged with cooperation with the Kurdish militant group Party of Free Life of Kurdistan (PJAK) and condemned to death as Mohareb, a religious charge meaning "war against God."
Shirin's severe torture in detention is a violation of Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), of which Iran is a signatory. As the prosecution did not provide valid evidence against Shirin Alam Hooli, her arbitrary detention violates Article 9 of the UDHR. Such a trial cannot be considered "impartial" or "independent" as required by Article 10. Furthermore, the prosecution could not have met the burden of proof, guaranteed by Article 11.
A letter by Alam Hooli, "In Short, They Did To Me Whatever They Could" was published by supporters and showcased by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty on 10 February 2010. Among other ordeals, she writes about prison guards attempting to break her hunger strike by forcing feeding tubes into her stomach.
On 27 February, Radio Zamaneh and others reported that over 2,000 human rights activists petitioned on behalf on Hooli, calling for her sentence to be overturned. According to the letter, while Hooli had been interrogated in Persian, she had only a rudimentary knowledge of the language, and her confession should be nullified. The letter also reiterated that Hooli had been brutally tortured in Evin Prison.

Mehdi Eslamian

Name: Mehdi Eslamian (Islamian)
Age: 30
Executed outside of Evin Prison 9 May 2010
Date condemned: Reported 3 February 2010
Charge: Mohareb, acting against national security, attempting to overthrow the regime, membership in Anjoman Padeshahi, providing financial assistance to anti-Revolutionary groups.
Notes: Warning 8 May: Media4Iran reports "death row political prisoner Mehdi Islamian has been moved from Rejai Shahr prison to an unknown location." This often indicates that an execution is imminent.

Mehdi Islamian's brother was executed last year convicted of cooperation with the Monarchist Group. Mehdi was convicted of giving financial aid to his brother before his arrest. Mehdi Eslamian was arrested in May 2008 and charged with providing financial assistance to anti-revolutionary groups, membership in the pro-monarchist group Anjomane Padeshahi, acting against national security, and attempting to overthrow the Iranian regime. He was condemned to death as Mohareb, and is awaiting execution in Gohardasht Prison.

Before his detention in Gohardasht, Mehdi was held in solitary confinement for six months in Evin Prison. While in Evin, he was a victim of physical and mental torture, for which he was later denied medical treatment. The regime's systematic use of torture and in prison is a violation of Article 5 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) and Articles 7 and 10 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

Updates

 

Ali Heydarian

Name: Ali Heydarian (sometimes listed as Heidarian)
Executed 9 May 2010 outside of Evin Prison
Date condemned: 29 February 2008
Charge: Mohareb, membership in PKK, acting against national security.
Notes: Kurdish human rights activist activist Ali Heydarian was arrested in August 2006 with Farzad Kamangar and Farhad Vakili in Tehran. The three were charged of being members in the Kurdish Workers Party (پارتی کار که‌رانی کوردستان Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, commonly known as PKK) and acting against national security. After 17 months in prison, the three were condemned to death as Mohareb, a religious charge meaning "warring against God" on 29 February 2008. Ali Heydarian received an additional ten years for forging his birth certificate. The religious charge Mohareb and other sham charges are often used to justify the imprisonment and execution of political prisoners, and is a serious human rights violation.
Heydarian was held in Rajai-Shahr Prison near Karaj, where he was fatally wounded by prison guards in May 2008. He was denied medical treatment until the other prisoners united in protest. Rajai-Shahr Prison is notorious for abuse and torture and political prisoners are often housed with violent criminals as an intimidation technique. Previously, Heydarian was held in prisons in Sanandaj, Kermanshah and Tehran, where torture is also heavily documented.
On 11 January 2010, the Kurdistan Human Rights Organization listed Ali Heydarian among the 17 Kurdish political prisoners at imminent risk of execution in Evin Prison.
Torture is explicitly outlawed by Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Additionally, the Islamic Republic is in violation of Articles 8, 9, and 10 of the UDHR, which provide protection against arbitrary arrest and detention, and a fair and public hearing.
Updates

 

In Memory

Silently, one by one, in the infinite meadows of Heaven,
Blossom the lovely stars, the forget-me-nots of the angels.
-Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

 


Farhad Vakili

Name: Farhad Vakili
Executed 9 May 2010 outside of Evin Prison.
Date condemned: 29 February 2008
Charge: Mohareb.
Notes: Farhad Vakili was arrested in August 2006 with Ali Heydarian and Farzad Kamangar in Tehran. The three were charged of being members in the Kurdish Workers Party (پارتی کار که‌رانی کوردستانPartiya Karkerên Kurdistan, commonly known as PKK) and acting against national security. After 17 months in prison, the three were condemned to death as Mohareb, a religious charge meaning "warring against God" on 29 February 2008. Farhad Vakili received an additional ten years for forging his birth certificate. In an August 2008 report, the Child Rights Information Network called the proceedings "a grossly flawed process that fell far short of international standards for a fair trial." The religious charge Mohareb and other sham charges are often used to justify the imprisonment and execution of political prisoners, and is a serious human rights violation.
Previously, Vakili was held in prisons in Sanandaj, Kermanshah and Tehran, where torture is also heavily documented. Torture is explicitly outlawed by Article 5 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Additionally, the Islamic Republic is in violation of Articles 8, 9, and 10 of the UDHR, which provide protection against arbitrary arrest and detention, and require a fair and public hearing.
On 11 January 2010, the Kurdistan Human Rights Organization listed Farhad Vakili among the 17 Kurdish political prisoners at imminent risk of execution in Evin Prison.
Updates

 

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